Yong Ling (also known as The Royal
Tomb of Wang Jian), is the mausoleum of Wang Jian. Wang Jian founded the Kingdom of Former Shu (907-925) during the period of Five Dynasties, held his court in Chengdu. Yong Ling was built in 918 after Wang Jian died, excavated in 1942, and announced in 1961 as national major cultural relic protection department. And Yong Ling Museum was first open to public in 1979.
Yong Ling mausoleum is the only royal tomb, which has been built on the ground, not like the other “underground palaces”.
There are 24 musicians and dancers carved around the coffin platform, include 23 pieces for 20 kinds of Instruments, showing the graceful court music and dance in the period of Tang Dynasty and Five Dynasties.
The Twelve Warriors stand at the west- and eastside of the coffin platform, about to lift it up. This design is so special that nowhere else has the same example. And through the lifelike stone statue of Wang Jian, we could know the appearance of this Emperor before over 1000 years. But Yong Ling had been invaded by tomb robbers soon after Former Shu Kingdom perished. A large number of grave-goods were stolen; rainwater and mud flowed into the tomb; wooden Gates, wooden coffin have gone away and the archaeologists didn’t find the skeleton. Fortunately, those robbers couldn’t grab everything. Many very important treasures have been still preserved: jade belt, jade seal, and stone carvings and so on. These finds are very impressive and offer some most valuable data for the study of the culture of Sichuan area around the end of the Tang Dynasty and the Five Dynasties.